applied burden

applied burden

English-russian dctionary of contemporary Economics. 2014.

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  • Applied folklore — is the branch of folkloristics concerned with the study and use of folklore and traditional cultural materials to address or solve real social problems. The term was coined in 1939 in a talk by folklorist Benjamin A. Botkin who, along with Alan… …   Wikipedia

  • Legal burden of proof — This article is about the burden of proof in law. For other uses, see Burden of proof (disambiguation). The burden of proof (Latin: onus probandi) is the obligation to shift the accepted conclusion away from an oppositional opinion to one s own… …   Wikipedia

  • Undue burden standard — The undue burden standard is a constitutional test fashioned by the Supreme Court of the United States. The test, first developed in the late 1800s, is widely used in American constitutional law. [Stuart Streichler, Justice Curtis in the Civil… …   Wikipedia

  • Double burden — is a term describing the workload of men and women who work to earn money, but also have responsibility for unpaid, domestic labor.[1] According to studies done dealing with a stressful environment chronically, such as a stressful job or… …   Wikipedia

  • Excess burden of taxation — Taxation An aspect of fiscal policy …   Wikipedia

  • TAXATION — This article is arranged according to the following outline: historical aspects legal aspects the biblical period the talmudic period the post talmudic period in general yardsticks of tax assessment taxable property Place of Residence, Business,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • taxation — taxational, adj. /tak say sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of taxing. 2. the fact of being taxed. 3. a tax imposed. 4. the revenue raised by taxes. [1250 1300; < ML taxation (s. of taxatio) an appraising (see TAX, ATION); r. ME taxacioun < AF < ML, as… …   Universalium

  • Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… …   Universalium

  • ECONOMIC AFFAIRS — THE PRE MANDATE (LATE OTTOMAN) PERIOD Geography and Borders In September 1923 a new political entity was formally recognized by the international community. Palestine, or Ereẓ Israel as Jews have continued to refer to it for 2,000 years,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tax — Taxation An aspect of fiscal policy …   Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium


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